Fields of Research

Blockchain Finance

  • Blockchain in Finance

  • Cryptocurrencies in Finance

  • AI in Finance


Unpublished Papers

  • Tokenized Loans - work in progress

  • Stable Coins - work in progress

  • Credit Scoring with AI - work in progress

Published Articles & Papers

  • Wandmacher, Ralf, Sturm, Christian, Weber, Philipp and Kuhn, Paul (2022). Artificial Intelligence in Business Management: A Literature Review on AI Applications on Risk Assessment in the Financial Industry. In: American Journal of Management Science and Engineering. Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2022, pp. 59-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmse.20220704.14

  • Wandmacher, Ralf (2021). Tokenization Disrupts ETFs. In: Cryptofinance - A New Currency for a New Economy by S. Goutte, K. Guesmi, and S. Saadi, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore, pp. 87-103.

  • Wandmacher, Ralf (2021). Tokenisierung lässt ETFs verschwinden. In: BTC Echo (

  • Wandmacher, Ralf and Wegmann, Nicolas (2020). Tokenization and Securitization – A Comparison with Reference to Distributed Ledger Technology. In: Facetten der Digitalisierung by Y. Thorhauer and C. Kexel, Springer, pp. 157-174.

  • Guthmann, Lars und Wandmacher, Ralf (2020): Sin Stocks - Wird sündiges Investieren besonders entlohnt? In: accadis denkpunkt 2020, pp. 20-25.

  • Wandmacher, Ralf (2019). Tokenomics. In: Cryptofinance and Mechanism of Exchange by S. Goutte, K. Guesmi, and S. Saadi, Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp. 113-124.

  • Wandmacher, Ralf (2019). Karl Marx found the Economic Flaw in Bitcoin’s Blockchain. In: Medium (

  • Leonhartsberger, Nadine / Wandmacher, Ralf (2018). The Secret Salary—Corporate Governance of Pension Contributions to Members of the Management Boards in Dax-30 Enterprises in Germany in the Years 2015 and 2016. In: Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 343-356.

  • Wandmacher, Ralf (2018). Automatisches Vermögensmanagement – Lassen Sie Ihr Geld schon arbeiten? in: accadis denkpunkt 2018.

  • Wandmacher, Ralf (2018). Exchange Traded Funds – Herausforderungen einer passiven Geldanlage. in: accadis denkpunkt 2018.

  • Leonhartsberger, Nadine / Wandmacher, Ralf (2017). Das „geheime “ Gehalt. in: BOARD, Nr. 6, 2017.

  • Leonhartsberger, Nadine / Wandmacher, Ralf (2018). Das „zweite “ Gehalt – Wie die Dax-30-Unternehmen durch ihre Vorstands-Versorgung den Deutschen Corporate Governance Kodex aushebeln. in: Compliance im Sport – Theorie und Praxis, Tagungsband, Hrsg. Yvonne Thorhauer, Springer, Wiesbaden.

  • Ratz, Maria / Grundy, David / Hart, David / Wandmacher, Ralf (2017). 25th European Association for Sport Management Conference (EASM), Bern: Crowdfunding: A Strategy for Acquiring Money And Increasing Fan Loyalty?! 05. - 08.09.2017

  • Ratz, Maria / Grundy, David / Hart, David / Wandmacher, Ralf (2017). European Sport Economics Association (ESEA), Paderborn: Crowdinvesting and Crowdlending as Modern Substitutes for Fan Bonds in German Football, 30.8. - 01.09.2017

  • Bradfield, David / Wandmacher, Ralf (1999). On Implied Volatilities in the South African Derivatives Market. In: Investment Analysts Journal, no. 48, pp. 5-17. Best Paper Award 1999 Investment Analysts Journal

  • Bradfield, David / Wandmacher, Ralf (1998). Nonparametric Tests of Strike Price and Expiration Bias in the Implied Volatility of the South African All Share Index Future Contract. In: South African Journal of Business Management, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 77-88.

  • Wandmacher, Ralf (1998). Options and Volatility Effects in South Africa. Department of Statistical Sciences, Faculty of Commerce, University of Cape Town.


  • Global Finance Conference, Braga, 2022: Artificial Intelligence in Business Management

  • ENTFIN Conference, Trier, 2019: Tokenomics.

  • Crypto Valley Conference, Zug, 2019: Tokenization: Securitization x.0.

  • Global Finance Conference, Zagreb, 2019: Tokenomics.

  • 1st International Symposium on Entrepreneurship Blockchain and Crypto-Finance , Tunis, 2019: Tokenomics.

  • Global Finance Conference, Paris, 2018: The Secret Salary.


Editorial Board Member

Research and Industry

  • University College London Centre for Blockchain Technologies, Research Associate

  • Digital Euro Association, Fellow